Complex exercise therapy for scoliosis

Scoliosis is a lateral curvature of the spine. One shoulder with scoliosis is higher and the other lower. The same position assume the scapula and buttocks.

There are 4 degrees of scoliosis:

The first degree is considered the easiest. It is almost invisible, the curvature of the spine is minimal.

The second degree of scoliosis will be noticeable to others, as the asymmetry of the shoulder blades and shoulders increases.

The third degree of scoliosis can be noticed by a person who is not an expert in the field of orthopedics. The deformation of the trunk will be significant.

In the fourth degree of scoliosis, the spinal curvature is very strong. The angle of inclination exceeds 60 ° C.

Most often, people are diagnosed with first and second degrees of scoliosis. The third and fourth degree is much less common.

There are four types of scoliosis: cervicothoracic, thoracic, sternum lumbar and lumbar. Although pure thoracic scoliosis is rare. If there is a curvature in the thoracic spine, the body tries to compensate for this violation by tilting the pelvis. As a result, a compensatory arch is formed in the lumbar region, but it will go in the opposite direction.

The main cause of scoliosis is weak back muscles, which serve as a spine corset. In childhood, the spine grows, and underdeveloped deep muscles are not able to hold it. Negative factors that contribute to the progression of the disease are: too soft mattress, wearing a satchel or bag on one shoulder, accepting a wrong body position while sitting, etc. However, if a person has developed and strong back muscles, then these factors, even if they are combined , will not be able to lead to the development of scoliosis. Therefore, it is necessary to influence the main cause of the disease.

Scoliosis can only be corrected in childhood and adolescence. The maximum age to which scoliosis is treatable is 20 years. You can compare the spine with a tree, the trunk of which grows in the direction of light, if the light source changes, the tree turns in the other direction. As a result, its trunk will be crooked. Align it is impossible. Similarly, the formed spine of an adult person cannot be aligned. It is possible to adjust its shape only when it is at the growth stage. At the age of 13 you can get rid of scoliosis completely. At the age of 14-19 years, the curvature can be reduced by 1-2 degrees. In the future, something to change is almost impossible.

Exercises for scoliosis can and should be performed not only in childhood, but also adults. However, if this gymnastic complex helps children to get rid of scoliosis, then an adult can make their back muscles stronger and their posture beautiful with their help.

All exercises are divided into 4 blocks:

Block 1. It aims to work out the muscles of the lumbar spine.

Exercises for the lower back:

Hyperextension and reverse hyperextension. These exercises do not give the axial load, but they work the back muscles well.

Another exercise - torso forward with the bar in a standing position. In this case, the weight of the gymnastic apparatus should be small. If the weight is low, then the axial load will be low. You can also perform squats and deadlifts, but the weight of the weighting agent should be small.

Block 2. Exercises on the thoracic spine. These include:

Any pull-ups, and especially pull-ups with a wide grip. At the same time to the turnstile to bring the chest.

Traction from the upper block. Especially effective is the thrust behind the head with a wide grip and thrust to the chest with a wide grip.

Block 3. Exercises from this unit are also designed to work out the muscles of the thoracic and cervical spine, but at the same time the load must be tightened to itself.

Exercises for the upper back include:

The main goals of exercise therapy

There are five main goals pursued by physical therapy for scoliosis:

  1. Eliminate muscle and ligament imbalances.
  2. Remove excessive stress on the spine.
  3. Correct posture.
  4. Strengthen the muscular system of the back.
  5. To have a general health effect on the body.

Rules for the use of exercise therapy for scoliosis

Like most methods of treatment, exercise therapy provides for the implementation of certain rules, the observance of which will allow the patient to get the maximum effect from physical education classes, as well as to protect themselves from undesirable consequences and injuries. The following rules need to be known to anyone who has seriously decided to start practicing therapeutic exercises:

  • Before exercising, do a warm-up to warm up and stretch the muscles and ligaments.
  • Exercises should be performed at a slow pace. No need to make sudden movements, perform jumps and various elements of acrobatics.
  • Excessive physical activity should be excluded, therefore the use of barbells and dumbbells is not allowed.
  • Exercise therapy should be carried out as prescribed by a doctor who has all the information about your type of scoliosis and can select the most appropriate exercises.

A set of exercises for scoliosis

The complex of exercise therapy for scoliosis consists of warm-up, basic exercises and the final part. All the proposed exercises are basic and symmetrical. To perform physical therapy at home, such exercises are best suited, since they have less effect on the deformed spine, which reduces the risk of injury if they are not performed correctly. Asymmetric types of exercise can have a greater therapeutic effect, but they should be chosen exclusively by the attending physician.

Each exercise must be performed 5-10 times:

  1. Lean your back against a wall or a flat vertical surface so that your heels, calf muscles, and buttocks rest on it. Straighten your back, giving your posture anatomically correct position. Take a couple of steps forward, keeping your posture in the correct position. Breathe smoothly, without delays.
  2. Starting position - standing, arms along the body, legs shoulder-width apart. We begin to do squats, while stretching our arms forward, keeping our backs straight. Perform the exercise slowly, while inhaling, inhale, while lifting up, exhale.
  3. Put your feet shoulder-width apart, arms free. Inhale at the expense of “1” and at the same time raise both hands upward, at 2 make upward and at the expense of “3” - exhale, putting your hands at this moment. During the exercise, try to keep your back straight.
  4. Put your legs shoulder-width apart, arms free to lower along the body, straighten your back. Make 4 circular movements with the shoulders back first, then 4 of the same forward movement.
  5. In a standing position, lift the leg bent at the knee as high as possible and hold such a stance for a few seconds, then return to the starting position. Similarly, we make movements with the other leg. Repeat steps 5 times with each leg.

Basic symmetric exercises

  1. Lie on your back, raise your legs above the floor (about 30-40 degrees) and proceed to perform movements simulating the work of scissors. Exercise do in horizontal and vertical planes. Perform 4 approaches (2 for each plane). Duration 1 approach - 30 seconds. (Fig. №1)
  2. Starting position - on all fours. Without straightening, sit on the heels with the buttocks and rest your palms on the floor. Use your hands to start moving your torso, first left, then right. Move slowly, staying at each position for a few seconds. Perform 10 such movements (5 in each direction). (Fig. №2)
  3. Stand on all fours (kneel on the floor, bend forward and put your hands on the floor). Legs and arms should be shoulder width apart. In this position, begin to arch your back upwards, then vice versa, bend downwards. Do the exercise at a slow pace. The number of approaches - 5. (Fig. № 3)
  4. Take a hard pillow, lay on the floor and lie on her belly. Put your hands behind the back in the lock. Begin to lift the body up to the highest possible height, but do not overload the spine. Your lumbar muscles should be involved. Make 10 such upgrades. (Fig. №4)
  5. In a standing position, put your legs shoulder-width apart. Hands should be in a free position along the body. Shift the shoulder blades and hold them in this position for about 5 seconds (use the muscles of the thoracic region of the back for this), then return to the starting position. Repeat the steps described 10 times. (Fig. №5)
  6. Get up on all fours. Parallel to the floor, extend your left hand forward and your right leg back. Hold on in this position for a few seconds, then change the position by extending the right arm forward and left leg back respectively. The exercise must be repeated 10 times. (Fig. No. 6)
  7. Lying on your back, bend your knees and press them to each other, arms should be separated to the sides, perpendicular to the body. Now start turning your head to the left side, and bend your knees to the right, then change directions (head - to the right, knees - to the left). The exercise involves the neck and lumbar muscles, you need to perform it 7 times. (Fig. No. 7)
  8. Lie on your side, the side where there is a curvature. In the waist you need to put a soft roller or a small pillow. Bend the knee at the top and leave the bottom in a straight position. Raise your upper arm, hanging it above your head, grasp the bottom of the neck with your lower hand. Keep this position for 10 seconds, then lie down on your back, relax. Repeat stay in this position 5 times. (Fig. №8)

Final part

  • Sit on a gymnastic mat or soft carpet. Bend your knees and clasp their hands. Lie in that position on your back and begin to roll from the neck to the sacral spine and back. Such a kind of massage will have a positive effect on the muscles and ligaments of the back. Repeat steps no more than 8 times.
  • Starting position - standing, hands hold in the lock behind the back. We start walking on heels for 30 seconds.
  • In a standing position, stretch your arms up, stand on our toes and walk for about 30 seconds.
  • We perform walking on the spot, while trying to raise the hips as high as possible. Duration - 30 seconds.
  • Relax and restore breathing. We raise our hands up and at the same time take a deep breath, wait a couple of seconds, slowly lower our hands and produce an exhalation.

After completing classes, take 10-15 minutes to rest. The above complex exercise therapy should be performed every day. The effectiveness of training will directly depend on the regularity of their conduct and the correctness of the exercises.

Preventive measures

A significant addition to exercise therapy will be preventive measures to help stop the further progression of the disease. First of all, you should try to keep an active lifestyle, to engage in non-traumatic sports. The ideal choice would be swimming, which is used for the prevention and treatment of many diseases of the spine. Swimming allows you to relax, strengthen the muscular corset of the back and improve coordination of movements. Cycling and skiing will also be helpful, but only with moderate activity. In the prevention, there are a number of recommendations to avoid the asymmetric load on the back muscles, which will help keep the spine in the anatomically correct position. Highlight the most important of them:

  1. Always sit upright, while not unnecessarily bending the torso and tilting your head forward as much as possible.
  2. The height of chairs and chairs should be chosen along the length of the leg, so when you sit, your leg should not hang, but rest against the floor.
  3. If you spend a lot of time in a sitting position, it is recommended that you get up every 20 minutes and warm up a little if possible.
  4. During the day, occasionally do slow backbends, this will relieve tension from the back muscles.
  5. When you need to stand for a long time, try alternately leaning first on one and then on the other leg. Change position every 10 minutes, it will reduce the load on the spine.
  6. Do not carry gravity in one hand, always evenly distribute the load on both hands.
  7. For relaxation, use a bed with a mattress of medium hardness, choose a small pillow size, so that the neck is in line with the rest of the spine.

Finally, I would like to note that you should not independently develop for yourself a complex of exercise therapy, as well as apply complex asymmetric exercises without coordination with a qualified doctor. Remember that such actions can only aggravate the situation, lead to complications and speed up the development of the disease.

The final part

  1. You need to sit down and bend your legs, kneeling with their hands. In this position, lie on your back and roll back from the neck to the sacral region. This massage will have a positive effect on the back muscles. Repeat seven times.
  2. Standing, keep your hands behind your back in the castle. Half a minute to walk on the heels.
  3. Stretch your hands up and walk on your socks for half a minute.
  4. Walking on the spot with raising the thigh - half a minute.

After class you need to rest at least 20 minutes. Therapeutic exercises should be performed daily. The result is not long in coming if exercises directed against dangerous scoliosis will be performed correctly and regularly.

The effectiveness of exercise in scoliosis in children and adolescents

It has been proven that the formation of the organism and the spinal column itself ends at about twenty years of age, so scoliosis in adolescents is more effective in treating exercise.

Exercises are relevant for scoliosis of the first and second stages, but at the subsequent stages to fix everything is almost impossible.

The main objectives of physical therapy in the treatment of scoliosis in children:

  • - unloading of the spinal column,
  • - correct posture correction,
  • - strengthening the muscular system,
  • - improving the condition of the whole organism.

The complex of physical therapy also includes massages, swimming and manual therapy.

The use of all methods allows you to quickly get rid of scoliosis in the early stages, as well as prevent the progression of the disease. Exercises can be performed by children at home, however, only after consultation and under the supervision of a qualified professional.

Do not self-medicate to prevent complications and other irreparable consequences.

  • Five rules of physical therapy for scoliosis
  • Three stages of each workout
  • Approximate set of exercises
  • Five of the best exercises for scoliosis
  • Types of exercise load
  • The effect will be 100%!

No modern medicine can perform the tasks of exercise therapy for scoliosis. Regular classes help:

That is why physical therapy for scoliosis - the leading method of conservative treatment, that recognize orthopedists and vertebrologists (specialists in spinal problems) of the whole world. Complexes of exercises are used as the only and independent therapy for correcting the pathological curvature of the spine in the initial stages of the disease. They are necessarily used in complex treatment of 3 and 4 stages of scoliosis.

In most cases, scoliosis develops during a period of intensive growth of the child.At this time, all segments of the spine are quite unstable, so the physical impact on them should be extremely professional and extremely careful. Otherwise, you can cause serious harm: exacerbate the angle of curvature, pinch the internal organs, disrupt the heart or respiratory system.

In order to make sense of the exercises, the exercises must be selected taking into account the spine in which there is a pathology. They must be performed regularly, and the instructor must teach the technique.

Read on: four types of loads in the gymnastics complex for scoliosis, the five most effective exercises in the treatment of pathology from Swiss vertebrologists.

It is important that gymnastics for scoliosis meet five special requirements that are necessarily taken into account when drawing up a medical complex.

The most important thing is to eliminate all types of exercises that can aggravate the state of the spine:

  • pull-ups and hanging on the crossbar or wall bars,
  • acrobatics elements: somersaults, jumps, “swallow” exercise,
  • weight training with weights and dumbbells,
  • fast run,
  • all kinds of jumps,
  • torso rotation in a vertical position.

    The first classes are conducted at a slow pace. It is necessary to constantly pay attention to the body's reaction to each exercise.

    The loads and the number of repetitions are set gradually: so as not to overstretch the muscles and the spine.

    Exercises should be designed only for passive stretching of the spine.

    Regular alternation of exercises for the muscles of the shoulder girdle with exercises for the lumbar and legs.

    All exercises prescribed by a doctor for scoliosis should be performed daily, without interruption. After classes, be sure to arrange a half-hour rest, lying on its side.

    Each exercise physical therapy for scoliosis is carried out strictly in accordance with the training plan, which allows you to achieve the maximum effect of each exercise.

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    At each stage of the lesson, a physical therapy doctor pays special attention to proper breathing. It is important to stimulate the lungs and the additional flow of oxygen to the muscles.

    Remember that each element of physical therapy for scoliosis is selected individually. The complex given in the article is an example of a standard occupation.

    All classes begin with straightening your back: press your back against any flat vertical surface, and check that it touches the calf, buttocks and shoulder blade. Try to remember the position of your body and not change it, step back two steps.

    And now the exercises themselves:

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    An exemplary set of exercises for the treatment of scoliosis.
    Click on the photo to enlarge.

    Five of the best exercises for scoliosis

    Swiss vertebrologists and orthopedists together with specialists from exercise therapy developed a set of exercises, the implementation of which allows you to most effectively influence the main muscle groups, increasing their elasticity and elasticity.

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    Lateral curvature of the spine - a heavy load for the ligaments. The paired muscles have significant differences in tension. On the convex side of the muscle constantly in good shape, which gradually leads to the loss of their contractile ability. On the other hand, on the other hand, their paired "opponents" are always in a shortened, relaxed state. Lack of movement weakens them and can gradually lead to atrophy.

    Therefore, physical therapy for scoliosis should include four types of loads:

    Asymmetrical Designed for training the muscles on one side of the body only, while the opposite group of muscles is relaxed.

    Symmetrical. Contribute to the retention of the spine in an anatomically natural position. The load is distributed equally on the muscles on both sides, as a result, they equalize the tone, which positively affects the dynamics of the spinal alignment.

    Dekorsionnye. Contribute to the removal of the tone from the strained muscles and stimulation of work relaxed.

    Restorative. Stimulate the immune system, contribute to increased endurance and physical development of the whole body.

    The effect will be 100%!

    The effectiveness of the treatment of physical therapy in scoliosis depends on the conscientious attitude to classes, strict fulfillment of all prescriptions of the attending physician and constant monitoring of his posture.

    Set of exercises

    The complex of therapeutic gymnastics consists of warm-ups, exercises, as well as the final part. Exercises that will be proposed below symmetric and basic.

    To perform physical exercises at home, these exercises fit perfectly, because they have virtually no effect on the patient's spinal column, and therefore the risk of injury is low.

    Scoliosis in adults is more difficult to cure, so asymmetric exercises are needed, which have a healing effect, but they are selected only by a specialist.

    Perform each exercise at least five times:

    1. You must lean against a flat vertical surface with your back and straighten your back so that your posture takes the right position. After that, a few steps forward are made, while the correct posture must be maintained. Breathing is smooth.
    2. Standing, hands at the seams, feet shoulder-width apart. You need to do squats, while the arms are pulled forward, and the back is even. Exercise is performed at a slow pace.
    3. Hands free, legs shoulder-width apart. At times you need to inhale and lift up your arms, on the count of two you do a siphoning, and for three you exhale and lower your arms. The back is flat.
    4. Standing, leg bent at the knee, lift as high as possible and hold for a few seconds, then return to the starting position. Do the same with the other leg. Do five times on each leg.
    • the development of the disease stops.
    • Removed muscle tension.
    • Tolerance increases heavy physical exertion.
    • Respiratory function, blood circulation is normalized.
    • Torsia noticeably decreases or disappears completely.
    • Correct posture.
    • Improves the overall well-being of the patient.

    Gymnastics with scoliosis after a workout consists of a basic set of exercises. They are designed to provide a corrective and restorative result.

    The complex also contains exercises that allow moderate stretching, which helps to restore proper posture. Being engaged in exercise therapy for scoliosis, it is necessary to strictly follow the doctor's instructions.

    The load must be increased gradually and to avoid overloading the body.

    Warming up is an obligatory part of therapeutic gymnastics, which provides warming up and preparation of muscles for the subsequent load. As a rule, it consists of the following elements:

    1. Walking on the spot from 1 to 5 minutes depending on the state of health and degree of pathology. Do not forget about straight back and even breathing.
    2. Walking around the perimeter of the room with a book on the head to form a correct posture. Your task - as long as possible to keep the object on top of the head without support, while not forgetting about the correct body position. Daily repetition of this element is great for training the muscular frame of the entire skeleton.
    3. Rotation of hands. Fix the upper limbs at chest level and perform rotational movements.
    4. Squats. While performing the item, try to keep your back straight. Squat, lift the heels, holding the body on the toes.

    You can supplement the warm-up with any passive exercise.

    The basic elements are performed to strengthen the muscles of the back with right-sided, left-sided and s-shaped scoliosis, lying on the floor with the stomach or back and suggest such movements:

    • The scissor element, lying on its side, stomach and back,
    • Movement "bike"
    • Lying with your back on the floor, lift your legs up and perform their spreading movements to the maximum possible width with fading at the end point,
    • From the same position try to pull the body into a thin string,
    • Lying on the floor with the stomach, to simultaneously lift the legs and torso, a delay of a few seconds
    • From a similar posture, perform leg raises as far as possible,
    • From the same posture, raise only the torso and freeze for a few seconds,
    • On all fours, bending the back area, raising your head as high as possible,
    • From a similar posture, lift the back area up and at the same time stretch the knee to the head, perform for both limbs.

    Scoliosis exercises consist of 4 groups:

    1. Warm up
    2. Exercises - "lying on his back."
    3. Exercise-I - "lying on his stomach."
    4. Exercise - "standing."

    At the same time, it is necessary to rest between exercises in the initial position without changing position. If the exercises are done lying on your back, then you need to rest in the same position - on your back!

    We present you the basic exercises of the complex developed by the orthopedist. First of all, form a correct posture leaning against a flat wall.

    Be sure to do a warm-up in the form of light gymnastics, a few squats and arms and legs flexion. Remember - the tilt and turns of the body are prohibited, all exercises do smoothly.

    The first 4 exercises for the shoulder girdle, and the next four - for the back.

    1. Put your legs shoulder-width apart and with your hands on your shoulders, rotate your elbows forward and then back 8 times, 3 approaches.

    2. From the same position on the exhale, push the shoulders as far forward as possible, and as you inhale, the shoulders come back. Do not turn your back.

    3. Do the same exercise, but only now shoulders back.

    Remember that each element of physical therapy for scoliosis is selected individually. The complex given in the article is an example of a standard occupation.

    All classes begin with straightening your back: press your back against any flat vertical surface, and check that it touches the calf, buttocks and shoulder blade. Try to remember the position of your body and not change it, step back two steps.

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    Abdominal exercises

    Scoliosis is a disease that is accompanied by unilateral curvature of the spinal column. This disease can develop at any age, depending on external factors.

    However, the most frequent period of scoliosis is childhood and adolescence, when the growth and development of the vertebral system occurs. This process ends after a person reaches 25 years of age.

    Therefore, the lack of measures for the treatment and prevention of scoliosis at a young age leads, as a rule, to the progression of the disease.

    Performing exercises in the supine position allows you to bring in the tone of the abdominal muscles, abdominals. In the treatment of scoliosis, they are very important. These muscles are components of the vertebral corset.

    At home, a set of exercises for scoliosis is performed in three approaches. The duration of each type of gymnastics is 40 seconds.

    During the lesson, 3 basic workouts are performed:

    1. Exercise "Straightening". Lie on the floor, stretch your legs. Start pulling your head up and at the same time back. At the same time direct the heels to the floor and pull forward. In the tense state, stay for 10-15 seconds, then relax your whole body. Repeat the movement 10 times. At this time, the hands should lie on the floor.
    2. Exercise "Bicycle". Bend your knees and perform movements as if you are riding a bicycle. In this case, the knees should not be above the stomach. Lifting your legs too high is not worth it. Observe the average pace.
    3. Exercise "Scissors". Lying on your back, lift your even legs at a 45 degree angle. Begin to swing legs. In this case, the limbs should be located above the floor.

    For 10-15 minutes, perform a set of exercises. With scoliosis of 2 degrees, this time can be reduced. Listen to your feelings during your workout.

    Children's scoliosis is treated not only by gymnastics, but also by a number of other methods. These include:

    • use of a corset,
    • massotherapy,
    • sleep on an orthopedic mattress,
    • manual therapy.

    Each person when performing any exercise or just to maintain their health should follow the rules.

    Therapeutic physical training is recommended at any age, it is prescribed for a variety of diseases.

    Like most methods of treatment, exercise therapy provides for the implementation of certain rules, the observance of which will allow the patient to get the maximum effect from physical education classes, as well as to protect themselves from undesirable consequences and injuries.

    The following rules need to be known to anyone who has seriously decided to start practicing therapeutic exercises:

    • Before exercising, do a warm-up to warm up and stretch the muscles and ligaments.
    • Exercises should be performed at a slow pace. No need to make sudden movements, perform jumps and various elements of acrobatics.
    • Excessive physical activity should be excluded, therefore the use of barbells and dumbbells is not allowed.
    • Exercise therapy should be carried out as prescribed by a doctor who has all the information about your type of scoliosis and can select the most appropriate exercises.

    Physical therapy should be carried out in compliance with simple rules that will contribute to the maximum effect of the training. These rules must adhere to everyone who performs exercises against scoliosis:

    1. Before you begin the session, you need to warm up the muscles, for this to workout.
    2. All exercises are performed slowly, without sudden movements. In addition, acrobatic elements and any jumps are prohibited.
    3. Exercise should not be increased, which is why dumbbells cannot be used.
    4. A set of exercises should be prescribed exclusively by the attending physician, who determined the extent of the disease and regularly monitors you.

    The most important rule is to start with a doctor who will select a set of exercises, it is also advisable to talk to an exercise therapy instructor who will advise you on how to do this or that exercise.

    Indeed, the degree of permissible load is influenced by various factors - age, shortness of breath, various internal disorders and many others. Doing wrong, it is difficult to harm, because the muscles still work, but you can not allow gross errors in the form of ignoring contraindications, it can seriously harm.

    The main prophylactic protivoskolioznoy measure is the ability to always keep anatomically correct posture. Also recommended are morning gymnastic workouts and any kind of sport.

    Exercise classes for prophylactic purposes against scoliosis involve the implementation of all the above elements. Separate attention deserves swimming.

    Periodically doing such workouts can completely avoid scoliosis. Therefore, therapeutic swimming is often prescribed to patients who already have a characteristic curvature.

    The complex of physical therapy for scoliosis is divided into basic (initial) and special. At the initial stages of the development of scoliosis, it is recommended to perform basic exercises, that is, not complicated, classical ones.

    With the complication of the disease - can additionally be assigned a special set of therapeutic exercises. It is mandatory to consult with a specialist physician before classes (no matter what kind of scoliosis is an adult, adolescent or scoliosis in children).

    Both basic and special exercises are performed only with the permission of the doctor!

    - significant third to fourth degree scoliosis,

    - a serious violation of cerebral circulation,

    - violation of pulmonary function, cardiac,

    - sharp back pain, which is exacerbated by performing exercise therapy.

    All exercises should be conducted in a well-ventilated room, preferably with mirrors. Exercise on the floor requires a mat.

    Physical therapy classes complements the course of massage.

    Do you want to get rid of scoliosis forever, become slimmer and prevent slouching and back problems in your child? Then you should pay attention to therapeutic gymnastics!

    It is important that gymnastics for scoliosis meet five special requirements that are necessarily taken into account when drawing up a medical complex.

    Classes are held in certain conditions:

    • Be sure to ventilate the room well before training.
    • Ideally, the charging venue should be equipped with mirrors so that the patient can perform self-correction during exercise,
    • The complex is carried out regularly for a certain time: in young children and first classes of school, the duration is 10-15 minutes, in adolescents - twice as long.
    • Training is always conducted in a non-slinky form with sports shoes,
    • The complex begins with a warm-up, and ends with a hitch.

    It is important to understand that it is impossible to miss such complexes, but if this happens, then you should not carry out long loads in the first training session after the break. Occupation is carried out at the same pace and with the same period of time as always.

    Medical gymnastics for scoliosis

    Gymnastics for scoliosis is a useful and even necessary thing, but it is necessary to perform exercises for the back, adhering to certain rules.

    If the patient has scoliosis, treatment in adults will also be carried out with the help of therapeutic exercises. So, it is worth noting that it is very important for any kind of disease, as well as for any degree of disease.

    The goal of gymnastics is the formation of a corset of muscles, their strengthening. Moreover, such exercises do not allow the disease to develop further, while correcting the posture.

    It is worth noting that swimming, skiing, as well as position correction can be included in therapeutic gymnastics. All exercises should be selected exclusively by the attending doctor, depending on the type of disease.

    With a slight curvature, experts prescribe a basic set of exercises. It includes warm-up, back, abdominal and standing exercises.

    Physical therapy is prescribed for many pathologies of the musculoskeletal system, including scoliosis. Properly designed exercise complexes, selected according to the stage of the disease, help to avoid the progression of this pathology and reduce the overall load on the spinal column and the patient’s internal organs.

    That is why exercise therapy for scoliosis, manual therapy, physiotherapy and conservative pharmacological treatment form the basis in the fight against this disease.

    Exercise therapy can be used at any stage of scoliosis

    The effectiveness of exercise therapy largely depends on the degree of the disease. The latter has a special meaning. In total, there are 4 stages of the development of thoracic scoliosis, and for each of them a certain complex is recommended.

    With the help of gymnastics with scoliosis of 1 degree you can get a good result. Nevertheless, one should not neglect such methods as swimming, massage. In addition to symmetrical and asymmetrical exercises, there is also the final part, which includes breathing exercises.

    The treatment program, including exercises for scoliosis 2 degrees, aims to strengthen the joints, vertebrae, back muscles, to correct the imbalance of ligaments and muscles. Achieving results in a short time along with exercise therapy helps receiving drugs that help strengthen the bones, wearing a corset, massage.

    • To lie on the stomach, stretching his arms along the body. Raise the head, tilting it back, to strain the dorsal muscles and to maximally tear the body from the floor. Repeat 15 times.
    • Take a sitting position, stretch your legs and place your hands on your knees. Then raise your arms up and, bending your knees, at the same time, bend down and clasp their arms. Relaxing the muscles of the neck and back, remaining in this position for a few seconds.

    Physical therapy in case of scoliosis of 1 degree consists of exercises in which only the body of the patient is involved. Additional loads in the form of dumbbells, weights are excluded. The main goal is to strengthen the muscles of the back and adjust the posture.

    • direct the hands to the shoulders and perform rotational movements first forward, then back.
    • Raise your hands, trying to touch the ceiling and not lifting the heels from the floor.
    • Standing, leaning against the wall, touch it with heels, buttocks and shoulder blades. Stand like this for about one minute.

    Exercises for scoliosis 2 degrees are selected depending on the shape of the curvature - the right or left side of the back is toned. To complete the complex, it is better to contact a specialized institution dealing with similar pathologies.

    Control of a professional trainer will help you achieve results faster. Muscle exercises to strengthen the muscles of the back with scoliosis of the third and fourth degree are selected individually and must be complemented by conservative methods of treatment.

    There are right and left lumbar scoliosis. Complications of this type usually do not carry a threat in the form of a compensatory arc. There are four stages of lumbar scoliosis. The treatment takes place with the help of massage, corset, exercise therapy.

    The list of exercises that allows you to adjust the posture, you can perform both in the gym and at home.

    Each exercise to do 10-15 repetitions.

    1. Standing Lower the body parallel to the floor and make as far as the springy movements.
    2. On the back. Raise the head and shoulders, lower in and. P.
    3. On the back, raise straight legs to a level of 20-25 cm from the floor. Perform rotational movements with feet in one, then in the other direction.
    4. On the stomach, arms along the body. Having torn off a breast from a floor, try to reach transshipment points to popliteal space.
    5. On the side, the twisted side looks up. Tear off the legs from the floor and linger. Lower.
    6. Put a rolled towel or a soft scooter under your back so that your head, back and buttocks are lying on it. Legs bent at the knees, arms outstretched. Lie in this position for 1-2 minutes.

    Gymnastics Bubnovsky with hernia of the vertebral lumbar spine allows to prevent the occurrence of the disease and reduce the size of the hernia itself, which greatly improves the human condition.

    Dr. Bubnovsky managed to integrate the best ways of rehabilitation into a single complex, developing a new effective way of recovery.

    Specialists conducting exercise therapy for scoliosis of 1 degree, first of all, teach the patient the correct posture. Effective are exercises with a stick, with a ball, with the use of objects on the burden.

    • Lie down, leaning on the outstretched arms, putting the shin and the front surface of the foot on the ball. Rearranging hands, try to move forward.
    • Back lie on the ball, putting his feet on the floor at a right angle. Putting your hands behind your head, do curling on the press.

    Physiotherapy for scoliosis consists in electrostimulation of the spinal muscles. 1 course is 12 sessions. It is impossible to treat scoliosis in this way in case of problems with the cardiovascular system, since current stimulation can cause arrhythmia.

    Corrective corset is made individually for each patient. Used in the treatment of curvature of persons not older than 25 years, are prohibited in skin diseases. Carry a posture corrector regularly 16-17 hours a day.

    Therapeutic massage with scoliosis grade 2 is useful as an additional procedure, as it helps relieve muscle tension and improve blood circulation in the area of ​​curvature.

    It has a particularly effective effect in case of scoliosis in one of the sections of the spinal column (thoracic, lumbar, cervical), with curvature with displacement of the pelvic bones, joints between the vertebrae.

    In addition, patients may be prescribed vitamin therapy to prevent further development of the disease. It includes calcium and vitamin D intake, which the patient can also receive from food (dairy products, fatty fish, cheese, butter, forest mushrooms), besides vitamin D can be obtained with frequent walks.

    In the presence of strong pain symptoms, it is possible to take anti-inflammatory drugs and analgesics.

    We offer you to get acquainted with a set of exercises, which was developed by Swiss orthopedists and vertebrologists. It has proven itself to be effective, if used as the primary method of treatment, allowing it to increase elasticity and firmness, affecting the main muscle groups.

    Swiss vertebrologists and orthopedists together with specialists from exercise therapy developed a set of exercises, the implementation of which allows you to most effectively influence the main muscle groups, increasing their elasticity and elasticity.

    • Lie on your stomach, arms to the side. Raise your head, trying to raise the shoulders, at the same time squeeze the brush into a fist and unclench them. Start from 5 times, increasing to 15.
    • Lie on your stomach, arms along your body. Alternately lift the legs, not lifting from the floor of the pelvis. Repeat 5 times.

    For lateral muscles

    • Lie on your right side. Lift your right hand up along the body, and put your left hand exactly on top. Slowly lift your left leg, and lower it just as slowly. Repeat on each side 5 times.
    • Lie on your side. Stretch the "lower" arm up, the other up against the floor at chest level. Lift as far as you can both legs. Repeat everything on the other side. Perform 3 times on each side.

    For abdominal muscles

    Lie on your back, hands at the seams. Lift one leg without bending the knee, and hold for a few seconds. Repeat the other leg too. Then lift both legs together. Start 3 times, increasing the load up to 7 times.

    To correct posture

    Lie on your back. Legs together, arms along the body. For a second, lift your shoulders and head. Lower slowly, without jerking.

    Even in the absence of scoliosis, but with a sedentary lifestyle, it is recommended to observe prevention. Special exercises of physical therapy for prophylaxis in this case are absent, lifestyle plays an important role.

    • playing sports (skiing, swimming, biking, yoga), they develop flexibility, strengthen the back, contribute to the formation of the muscular system, even a small morning warm-up and stretching shows the effectiveness,
    • maintaining a correct posture, you should always be with straightened shoulder blades, keep your shoulders away from your ears, refrain from sitting your legs,

    Pay attention to how to sit on a chair.

    • during sedentary work, it is recommended to take small breaks a couple of times per hour to warm up the lower back, legs and arms,
    • sleep should be on a small pillow and a hard mattress, it is recommended to air the room before going to bed.

    From early childhood, children should learn to walk properly. Sitting at the table during class, your back should be kept straight, your legs should be bent at the knees at a right angle.

    It is required to pay attention to good nutrition, avoiding obesity. In the diet you need dairy products, fish, fruits.

    The body requires a sufficient amount of vitamin D, useful for the formation of bone tissue. It is important to provide the child with physical activity.

    Sitting still is recommended no more than 20 minutes. With harmonious development it is possible to avoid many diseases of the musculoskeletal system.

    Baby bed should be chosen not too soft, preferably with an orthopedic mattress.

    To reduce the risk of scoliosis in children and adolescents, you should follow the recommendations:

    1. Regular visits to the orthopedist.
    2. Massage and dynamic gymnastics for children under one year of age.
    3. Ensuring the correct sleeping conditions for the child, that is, do not use large and very soft pillows, mattresses, folding beds, hammocks - the bed should be quite hard, and the baby should not often sleep on his side.
    4. Ensuring the correct conditions for sitting at the table, that is, the child should sit exactly on a chair with a high back, legs should stand on the floor, and correct lighting also matters.

    With timely access to a qualified specialist and adequate therapy, the patient expects a positive prognosis.

    Any disease is always easier to prevent than to cure, and in the matter of scoliosis this is especially true. In order not to provoke the appearance of pathological bends of the spinal column, it is necessary to adhere to important rules:

    • do not carry heavy bags on one shoulder, it is better to prefer a backpack,
    • monitor posture, do not slouch
    • take a course of preventive exercises throughout the month,
    • eat right, enter into the diet foods containing vitamins, calcium,
    • the workplace must correspond to growth.

    For the prevention of pathology it is recommended to keep your back correctly.

    Parents need to monitor the posture of children.

    It is important to maintain a mobile lifestyle, so that there is no cementation of the vertebrae in the wrong position.

    If a child or an adult has cured scoliosis, then he should take all possible measures to prevent the pathology from recurring. The best prevention of this disease is an active lifestyle.

    Prevention of the appearance of curvature is necessary, even if there is no scoliosis, but the wrong, inactive lifestyle is maintained.

    Orthopedists point out that when training it is important to make small amplitudes, while very slowly. The slower the exercise is performed - the better the muscles are worked out.

    But at the same time, it is impossible to overstrain the muscle frame to pain, otherwise the child will be negatively adjusted to classes, and the condition itself may deteriorate markedly.

    Also, doctors note that the exercise complexes will depend on the stage of the pathology, its type and form. Therefore, prior consultation is necessary. In some cases, you will need to use corsets and bandages, which are removed at bedtime and during workouts.

    Cure acquired spinal curvature is possible if the disease is not running. Exercise therapy for scoliosis is considered one of the effective methods.

    Exercising is considered one of the best scoliosis treatments.

    With the help of the correct implementation of a set of exercises, a clear control of the patient’s condition, the curvature of the spine is really normalized.

    If scoliosis is a congenital anomaly, physiotherapy exercises are not prescribed by a doctor - some physical exercise can harm the patient.

    Physicians do not undertake to predict how effective scoliosis treatment will be. Healing depends on many factors: the type of changes in the vertebra, its shape, the degree of the disease. The treatment is long. For children 10-15 years of age, gymnastics with scoliosis at home will help to completely correct the curvature, because the skeleton is still growing, the body is developing. Scoliosis of 1-2 degrees is also amenable to adjustment.

    Children under 15 years old can fully correct the curvature by doing the exercises.

    Doctors, recommending a set of exercises for scoliosis, emphasize that it is necessary to simultaneously undergo additional therapeutic measures.

    Patients are given massages, physiotherapy, wearing a medical corset, which corrects many orthopedic abnormalities.

    It is not clear to most patients how therapeutic exercise can affect scoliosis and speed recovery. In fact, regular exercise to stretch the spine, increases the possibility of complete healing. Doctors note several main positive aspects of this treatment:

    • muscles, ligaments in a patient with scoliosis are in imbalance, and exercise therapy is able to eliminate this violation,
    • exercises for straightening the spine with scoliosis relieve the spinal column, strengthen its muscle tissue,
    • the posture is corrected, the shoulders gradually become in the correct position,
    • Exercise therapy has a healing effect on the body.

    An effective method of treatment and exercises for scoliosis offers Bubnovsky.

    The doctor notes with confidence that recovery depends on the patient's assertiveness, but emphasizes that you should be careful when performing the exercises for left-sided scoliosis.

    What exercises are recommended by the center of Dr. Bubnovsky, see the video:

    In the treatment of any disease there are clearly defined rules that must be followed with full responsibility. Correction of scoliosis with the help of physical education is no exception. The patient, adhering to all the recommendations, does not harm himself, and also comes closer to the moment of complete recovery.

    There are not so many rules, you should memorize them:

      Always classes begin with a warm-up.

    And the first exercises for the back with scoliosis should be easy and simple.

    It is important to prepare the body, warming up the muscle tissue, stretching the ligaments,

  1. When the body is heated, go to the basic gymnastics, each exercise should be repeated 5-10 times, the load gradually increase,
  2. You can not neglect the final part of physical education,
  3. It is important to perform everything smoothly and slowly, no sharp attacks, acrobatic stunts,
  4. Exercising with scoliosis, you can not use dumbbells,
  5. All exercises should be selected by a qualified physician after careful examination of the diagnosis.
  6. A patient with scoliosis must learn to stand and walk. To do this, you must fix the case in a straight position, leaning against the wall. After moving away from the support, trying not to change the adopted position of the back.

    Learning to keep your back in the correct position will help exercise against the wall.

    This exercise should be done many times during the day, until the habit of keeping your back straight appears.

    Another important recommendation: the patient needs to learn how to breathe properly, and not only during exercise. According to the famous German doctor Katharina Schroth, gymnastics with scoliosis will not be effective without proper breathing. She recommends learning how to breathe more air into the side of the lungs where the curvature is detected.

    Before proceeding to the warm-up exercises, patients are advised to relax your back. To do this, for 10-15 minutes, it is necessary for the patient, standing on all fours, to slowly move through a small area.
    Now, when the back is prepared, it is worthwhile to start warming up and exercises for spinal scoliosis at home. You will need to repeat only seven exercises, it is important to do them slowly:

    1. After breathing in the air, raise your arms, as if trying to reach the sky, and linger, and as you exhale, slowly lower.
    2. Next, stretch your shoulders. It is necessary to make them several circular movements in different directions.
    3. Raising palms up, pull the muscles, briefly lingering during the dilution of the arms.
    4. Close your hands in the lock and take them back as far as possible, feel the stretching of the spine and muscle tissue.
    5. Run tilts, pulling the arm forward.
    6. Stretching your legs, you need to tighten your knees to the stomach, and then take the starting position.
    7. Run some slow squats.

    Slow movement on all fours is the best warm-up before exercise.

    Exercises for scoliosis: a list of the best

    Welcome to the clinic A.N. Baklanov! We offer reliable and safe technologies in the treatment of the spine.

    Treatment of a patient with a diagnosis of spinal muscular atrophy of Kugelberg-Welander

    Elina Abdrashitova, 15 years old - spinal muscular amyotrophy Verdniga-Hoffmann

    Patient's history with a diagnosis of SMA, 20 years

    February 17, 2017

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    Exercises for spinal scoliosis at home

    Infringement of posture most often appears in children of primary and secondary school age. It also occurs in adults. This ailment of the musculoskeletal system may be in children from birth, or it may appear as a result of improper sitting, walking. The most correct and accessible method of treating this disease is a set of exercises and procedures: Exercise therapy (physical therapy), massage, paraffin therapy, swimming and stretching.

    Diagnosis of scoliosis

    The diagnosis of scoliosis itself is not an easy task. It is necessary to undergo a series of procedures for correct diagnosis and treatment. For a traumatologist, specializing in scoliosis, it is not enough to simply examine a patient even with the help of computer equipment.

    To diagnose scoliosis, you need:

    • orthopedic examination
    • conclusion of a neuropathologist to exclude nervous diseases,
    • accounting of metabolic processes
    • accounting for congenital deformities.

    The main method of diagnosing this disease is radiograph. One of the most accurate methods in the world. It allows you to monitor changes in the spine of a person. This is one of the cheapest but harmful ways to study the spine.

    The second method after the x-ray should the photo. It helps to assess changes in posture. The method is not the most accurate, but it is harmless.

    Optical CT (computed tomography) suitable only for teenagers. Scoliometer its characteristics are similar to CT. MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) and CT do not provide a complete, high-quality picture of the disease, so it is best to undergo an x-ray.

    The effectiveness of physical therapy for scoliosis

    LFK (medical physical culture) - the most effective procedure in the treatment of scoliosis, provided that it is carried out regularly, preferably daily. Exercise therapy and means of correcting posture - the most reliable friend in the fight against this disease. With different types of curvature, physical therapy should be different. So, when a scoliotic deformity is assigned a sports load, easily performed at home. Its task is a gradual increase in physical activity. Exercises for scoliosis at home will not be of great difficulty and will be held in their own setting.

    A serious illness is true scoliosis. These are deviations of the ridge to the side, asymmetry of the shoulder blades, curvature of the thoracic section. Careful choice of exercises, the ability to continue treatment in a special school, hospital or sanatorium.

    What is the effectiveness of exercise therapy?

    • No need to drink pills.
    • Exercise therapy (physical therapy) helps to restore muscle strength and elasticity.
    • The work of the heart and lungs is activated.
    • The curvature of the angle of the spine slows down or stops.
    • A person feels cheerful.
    • Muscle fatigue is removed.

    Appointed physical education by the attending orthopedic surgeon.

    Principles of gymnastics with scoliosis

    One of the key types of exercise for spinal scoliosis at home is gymnastics. It implies developing (improve physical development) and special (corrective) exercises. Consider in detail the second type. Their task is to form a correct posture, to correct spinal disorders.

    Types of gymnastic exercises:

    • standing in front of the mirror
    • maintaining a correct posture, standing on a vertical plane,
    • working under the guidance of an instructor,
    • Massage course.

    Gymnastics begins with unloading the spine. First, the type of the initial position is selected. These are exercises that are done lying down. After a while, standing exercises are added.

    Principles of gymnastics in spinal curvature:

    • recovery of the body through gymnastics,
    • improving his physical condition
    • it hardens,
    • gymnastics trains willpower and endurance,
    • the spine becomes more mobile and strong
    • the mental state of the child comes to an appropriate rate,
    • gymnastics makes it possible to coordinate movement and balance,
    • there is a fast feeding of fabrics,
    • there is a correction.

    Five rules of physical therapy

    It is important that gymnastics for scoliosis meet five special requirements that are necessarily taken into account when drawing up a medical complex.

    The most important thing is to eliminate all types of exercises that can aggravate the state of the spine:

    The first classes are conducted at a slow pace. It is necessary to constantly pay attention to the body's reaction to each exercise.

    The loads and the number of repetitions are set gradually: so as not to overstretch the muscles and the spine.

    Exercises should be designed only for passive stretching of the spine.

    Regular alternation of exercises for the muscles of the shoulder girdle with exercises for the lumbar and legs.

    All exercises prescribed by a doctor for scoliosis should be performed daily, without interruption. After classes, be sure to arrange a half-hour rest, lying on its side.

    Three stages of training for scoliosis

    Each exercise physical therapy for scoliosis is carried out strictly in accordance with the training plan, which allows you to achieve the maximum effect of each exercise.

    (if the table is not fully visible - scroll it to the right)

    Preparation of the ligamentous apparatus to perform basic loads, stimulation of blood circulation in the muscle tissues, setting the respiratory rhythm.

    2. Basic loads

    Correction of pathological curvature, stimulation of motor activity of the muscles, restoration of normal functions of the internal systems of the body.

    Gradual decrease in load, restoration of a habitual rhythm of breath.

    At each stage of the lesson, a physical therapy doctor pays special attention to proper breathing. It is important to stimulate the lungs and the additional flow of oxygen to the muscles.

    1. Warm up

    All classes begin with straightening your back: press your back against any flat vertical surface, and check that it touches the calf, buttocks and shoulder blade. Try to remember the position of your body and not change it, step back two steps.

    And now the exercises themselves:

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    Class stageGoals

    Stand straight, feet shoulder-width apart

    Lift both hands up at the same time, spread them apart and back a little. Repeat 4 times.

    Stand straight, legs together, hands on a belt

    Alternately bend the legs at the knees, lifting them up a bit, then sit down shallowly. Repeat 3-5 times.

    Walking on the spot. Do not lift your knees high. On the “one, two” account, inhale, on the “three, four” - exhale. While inhaling, raise your arms up through the sides, while exhaling, lower them gently.

    2. Basic exercises

    (if the table is not fully visible - scroll it to the right)

    Starting Position (PI)Performance technique

    Lie on your back, hands behind your head

    Inhale elbows apart to the side, on the exhale, take the starting position. Repeat 5 times.

    Bend one leg and pull the knee to the stomach, repeat the same with the other leg, then with both. Repeat 3-4 times.

    Lie on your stomach, stretch your arms at the seams, put your palms on the floor

    When inhaling, leaning on your arms, try to raise one leg up as far as you can. On the exhale, return to the starting position. Repeat with the other foot. Do exercises for at least 3.

    Lie on your back, arms stretched above your head

    Passive traction. When inhaling, try to pull your head and shoulders up, and your legs at this time down.

    Simultaneously with your hands and feet, imitate swimming movements.

    Exercises for varying degrees of scoliosis

    Exercises for scoliosis at home effective in any kind of curvature. Excellent results are achieved at the initial stage of vertebral deformity.

    What you need to know the rules to improve the condition of the back?

    • In the early stages of spinal deformity, you can still choose the exercises yourself, but if the degree of curvature is 3-4, then consultation and the appointment of an orthopedist is necessary.
    • It all starts with a small load, which then gradually increases.
    • If the patient feels discomfort, you should immediately stop exercising.
    • Regular lessons will lead to improvement.
    • Warm-up - a mandatory initial stage of therapeutic physical training.

    3. Final exercises

    (if the table is not fully visible - scroll it to the right)

    PIPerformance technique

    Stand straight, hands on the belt

    Walking on the spot. While walking on the inhale, raise your hands up and at the same time go on walking on your toes. On the exhale, lower your hands and step on the heels.

    Walk, raising your knees high.

    An exemplary set of exercises for the treatment of scoliosis.
    Click on the photo to enlarge.

    Exercises in the first stage of scoliosis

    1. Marching for a couple of minutes in one place.
    2. Raising socks, hands up.
    3. Shoulder circular rotations forward and back (20 times).
    4. Lean forward with hands (10 times).
    5. The body turns alternately left and right, arms to the side (10 times).
    6. The man is lying on his back. Hands up, socks on yourself, and pulled out slowly.
    7. Pulling up the elbows to the opposite knees. The number is the same - 10 receptions.
    8. Alternately tightening the knees to the stomach.
    9. Bicycle and scissors.
    10. The position does not change. The upper part of the body is lifted, delayed for a while, lowered.
    11. The same exercise, but a little complicated - the upper and lower extremities are stretched.
    12. The position on the stomach - an imitation of swimming.
    13. The position is the same. Lifts the upper body and legs. Two parts are closed, forming a "basket".
    14. It ends up walking around the room.

    Exercises, contraindicated in all stages of curvature!

    • You can not hang on the bar and pull up on it.
    • Somersaults are prohibited.
    • Do not lift heavy objects (rods).
    • Do not perform fast movements.
    • Martial arts can not be.
    • Running is also prohibited.

    Five of the best exercises for scoliosis

    Swiss vertebrologists and orthopedists together with specialists from exercise therapy developed a set of exercises, the implementation of which allows you to most effectively influence the main muscle groups, increasing their elasticity and elasticity.

    (if the table is not fully visible - scroll it to the right)

    PIPerformance technique

    • Lie on your stomach, arms to the side. Raise your head, trying to raise the shoulders, at the same time squeeze the brush into a fist and unclench them. Start from 5 times, increasing to 15.
    • Lie on your stomach, arms along your body. Alternately lift the legs, not lifting from the floor of the pelvis. Repeat 5 times.

    For lateral muscles

    • Lie on your right side. Lift your right hand up along the body, and put your left hand exactly on top. Slowly lift your left leg, and lower it just as slowly. Repeat on each side 5 times.
    • Lie on your side. Pull the "lower" arm up, the other up against the floor at chest level. Lift as far as you can both legs. Repeat everything on the other side. Perform 3 times on each side.

    For abdominal muscles

    Lie on your back, hands at the seams. Lift one leg without bending the knee, and hold for a few seconds. Repeat the other leg too. Then lift both legs together. Start 3 times, increasing the load up to 7 times.

    To correct posture

    Lie on your back. Legs together, arms along the body. For a second, lift your shoulders and head. Lower slowly, without jerking.

    To straighten the spine

    Prepare in advance a small sandbag, not more than 1 kg. Sit on the chair and arrange the package not to the head so that it does not fall. Slowly stand up and walk a little while holding the bag on your head.

    Exercises at the 2nd stage of deformation

    The purpose of such gymnastics is the correction of already existing curvatures, as well as the strengthening of the muscular back frame.. Scoliosis of this degree is more difficult to treat than in the first stage. Gymnastics in this form of the disease takes more time.It is necessary to practice physical therapy 3-4 times a week for 40 minutes every day for 2 years. Regularity and diligence - the main components of progressive treatment.

    Here is a set of exercises at this stage:

    • walking on all fours or even with half-bent knees in a circle,
    • lying on your side you need to lift your leg up,
    • standing on all fours, bend like a cat,
    • lying on his stomach, arms closed behind his head, try to rise and bend as far as possible.

    In the second stage, you can also perform the movements that were mentioned above. Do not forget, exercises for scoliosis of the spine at home should be performed strictly as prescribed by a doctor. For each patient, they are assigned individually.

    Doctors recommend combining such exercises and wearing corsets, sleeping in gypsum beds, periodically visiting a massage therapist.

    Types of loads of physical therapy

    Lateral curvature of the spine - a heavy load for the ligaments. The paired muscles have significant differences in tension. On the convex side of the muscle constantly in good shape, which gradually leads to the loss of their contractile ability. On the other hand, their paired "opponents", on the other hand, are always in a shortened, relaxed state. Lack of movement weakens them and can gradually lead to atrophy.

    Therefore, physical therapy for scoliosis should include four types of loads:

    Asymmetrical Designed for training the muscles on one side of the body only, while the opposite group of muscles is relaxed.

    Symmetrical. Contribute to the retention of the spine in an anatomically natural position. The load is distributed equally on the muscles on both sides, as a result, they equalize the tone, which positively affects the dynamics of the spinal alignment.

    Dekorsionnye. Contribute to the removal of the tone from the strained muscles and stimulation of work relaxed.

    Restorative. Stimulate the immune system, contribute to increased endurance and physical development of the whole body.

    Treatment of 3rd and 4th grade scoliosis

    It requires regular gymnastics with a massage, a corset, perhaps even an operation. The orthopedic surgeon is individual, but it is necessary to prescribe a complex of therapeutic movements. Exercise therapy should be performed at least 3 times a week, and preferably more often. For children with a third degree of curvature, running, squats, tumbling, weightlifting, outdoor games are contraindicated. Basically, the doctor prescribes lying exercises. If the angle of curvature exceeds 50 degrees, an operation is necessary.

    Rules for the use of exercise therapy for scoliosis

    • Warm up first to warm up muscles well.
    • Be sure to have a small pace.
    • Exercises exclude heavy objects (only the use of salt bags is allowed).
    • To begin physical therapy classes only after a doctor's prescription.

    The effect will be 100%!

    The effectiveness of the treatment of physical therapy in scoliosis depends on the conscientious attitude to classes, strict fulfillment of all prescriptions of the attending physician and constant monitoring of his posture.

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    At the top of the comment feed are the last 25 question-answer blocks. Galina Pivneva, a higher education degree in human health, a teacher of Basics of Health, answers the questions under the name Alex admin.

    We post replies to comments once a week, usually on Mondays. Please do not duplicate questions - they all reach us.

    Good afternoon, I have such a problem, previously I was diagnosed with panic attacks, panic attacks, pressure increased with a pulse, I also have 1st degree scoliosis, osteochondrosis, a neuropathologist prescribed magnesium B6 and exercise therapy for osteochondrosis of the cervical and thoracic, I perform three months, exercises are all in position standing, so I decided to try your exercises, lying down, and I had a pulse pulse 150, pressure, too, panic, can this be with scoliosis? Or is it a typical magical attack?

    Hello, Elena. Depending on the degree of scoliosis, this disease leads to the fact that nerve roots and blood vessels are compressed. As a rule, this happens when, against the background of twisting of the vertebrae, there is an increase in physiological bends. And mostly complications manifest suddenly and sharply. The effects of scoliosis are many. They depend on which part of the spine is curved. But all systems of the body, all organs, nerves and psyche can suffer, for everything is interconnected. Over time, the situation is aggravated: the pressure increases, the heart rate increases. This is visible on the cardiogram. It looks like arrhythmia, tachycardia, myocardial damage or other serious pathologies.

    The situation is aggravated by the fact that similar pathologies in a patient with scoliosis cannot be treated with conventional drugs, since the cause of the problem (scoliosis, osteochondrosis) has not been eliminated. Treatment should be comprehensive and persistent. Therefore, contact a neurologist and ask about the appointment of a comprehensive treatment.

    I have stage 2 can I hang on the bar

    Renat, occupations on a horizontal bar are contraindicated to patients with 3 and 4 degrees of scoliosis, that is, when the angle of deviation is above 25 degrees. In individual cases, it is possible to treat a strong spinal curvature on a horizontal bar under the supervision of a specialist.

    However, to perform such exercises you need to know some rules, for example, in order to get the maximum benefit from the exercises, you need to choose the right height of the horizontal bar. It is undesirable to set the crossbar too high, since during the exercise you should not allow the appearance of pain, which means you need to rest. The best option would be the horizontal bar, which you can reach with outstretched arms, just standing on the socks. Posture correction using a horizontal bar is usually assigned individually. The attending specialist draws up a workout plan, which includes a list of basic exercises, their duration, intensity and order. It also determines whether it is possible to hang on the horizontal bar with a given degree of scoliosis or not.

    Therapeutic gymnastics includes a warm-up complex to prepare the muscles for physical exertion. But there are certain contraindications for exercises, for example, it is not recommended to perform sharp circular movements and twists due to the high probability of injury and an increase in the angle of deviation.

    And if pull-ups with parallel bars do not exclude (grade 2 scoliosis) ??
    I try to keep my back straight, I stand at the wall.

    Maxim, a horizontal bar for scoliosis is widely used in the early stages, when the curvature of the spinal column is not yet pronounced. At 3 and 4 stages of the development of the disease to correct scoliosis in this way will not work. At 3 degrees of scoliosis, the vertebrae begin to strongly compress the intervertebral discs, which leads to their thinning and the development of osteochondrosis or arthrosis. Before choosing a training program for curvature of the spine, you must visit an orthopedic doctor and consult about the need for such a load. Depending on the degree of scoliosis, the doctor prescribes a certain type of therapeutic gymnastics, which may include the use of a horizontal bar. In addition, the specialist designates a list of rules and recommendations that the patient must follow when practicing on a horizontal bar.

    Now I have a uneven back, but when it was worse and scoliosis was more pronounced, the hanging on the crossbar and the uneven bars helped a lot, literally in 2-3 months the back became much smoother - according to the doctor. So I can not fully agree that it is dangerous for everyone.

    Masha, scoliosis needs to be done, of course, and therapeutic exercises are an important method of therapeutic treatment, except for those listed in this article.

    Basic exercises for scoliosis

    Immediately after the workout, it is worthwhile to start the basic exercises for correcting scoliosis, which will help strengthen the vertebral column and relax the muscle tissue.
    At first, the following exercises are performed:

    • brush pressed to the shoulders and rotate the elbows in different directions,
    • the shoulder, deformed by scoliosis, is first taken back, then slowly returned,
    • raise the opposite end from the deformed side and turn forward so that you feel tension in the shoulder blade area,
    • inhale the air and, stretching up, hold your breath, and then breathe out, relaxing smoothly - breathing exercises with scoliosis is very important.

    After doing the exercises while standing, you should lay a gymnastic mat on the floor, lie down and continue physical therapy.

    In this position it is necessary to do the following exercises:

    • make legs movement, reminiscent of the action of scissors, a bicycle,
    • raise your legs, spread to the sides and connect, then lower to the floor,
    • to stretch the body, stretching the whole body,
    • lying on your back, bend one leg, bend at the knee, lead forward, and take the body in the opposite direction - such twists are very effective in treating scoliosis of the 1st degree,
    • Having turned over on the stomach, press the body tightly to the floor, bend the arms and several times try to tear the head and shoulders off the surface,
    • perform movements as if swimming with bras,
    • lie on one side, put a cushion under the ankles, lift the legs and fix them, hold for a few seconds, and then slowly lower.

    The exercise "Bicycle" is effective in many diseases of the joints, including scoliosis

    Watch the video: Spine Surgery (February 2020).

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